Emio Greco and Pieter C. Scholten, choreographers and founding fathers of ICK met each other in 1995. They soon arrived at the joint realization that something was lacking in the dance landscape at the time. Next to the virtuoso body, on the one hand, and the conceptual body, on the other, they missed a place for the intuitive body. The body that is in movement and that is naturally capable of generating multi-layered meanings by itself. Greco and Scholten sensed the need to develop a new dance vocabulary in which there would be room for vulnerability and for the physical impulses of the body. To both choreographers, the search for a new dance dramaturgy of the body is an important mainspring for their dance productions.
In 1995, Greco and Scholten created their first joint work: the solo piece Bianco, which was to become the first part of the Fra Cervello e Movimento (between brain and movement) trilogy. That same year they wrote the manifesto The 7 Necessities featuring 7 principles of dance and the influence thereof on the body and the spectator (see below). In 1996 they established the Emio Greco | PC dance company for which, besides creating choreographies, they initiated research programmes, debates and educational projects. In 2009, Greco and Scholten brought all these activities into the International Choreographic Arts Centre (ICK), from which they were able to offer space for talent development, education and research in a structural setting. In 2014, Emio Greco and Pieter C. Scholten, whilst remaining directors of ICK, were also appointed directors of Ballet National de Marseille (BNM).
Emio Greco (IT) received his dance training at the Centre de Danse International Rosella Hightower in Cannes and began his dancing career with Ballet Antibes Côte d'Azur. From 1993 until 1996 he danced in the work of visual artist and theatre director Jan Fabre and from 1996 until 1998 he collaborated in various productions with Japanese choreographer Saburo Teshigawara. Pieter C. Scholten (NL) studied drama and began his career by directing theatre productions about historical characters such as Oscar Wilde, Yukio Mishima and Pier Paolo Pasolini. He worked as a dance dramaturge with various choreographers. In 1995 he developed the Dance Instants, short work-in-progress projects for choreographers and dancers.
After the internationally successful dance productions that Greco and Scholten jointly created between 1996 and 2001, they shifted their focus temporarily to opera, music and film. They directed two operas for the Edinburgh International Festival: Orfeo ed Euridice and The Assassin Tree. In collaboration with Toneelgroep Amsterdam they created the theatre production Teorema. Various interdisciplinary projects led to the production of a triptych inspired by Dante's La Divina Commedia: HELL (2006), [purgatorio] (2008), you PARA | DISO (2010). More recent works, once again focussing primarily on dance, are ROCCO (2011) and Le Corps du Ballet (performed with Les Ballets de Monte-Carlo in 2011, with Het Nationale Ballet in 2013 and with Ballet National de Marseille in 2015).
The series The Body in Revolt was launched with the location performance Addio alla Fine in the 2012 Holland Festival. The project received a follow-up with L'Étranger | One Man without a Cause (2013/14) and De Soprano's (2014, in collaboration with Opera Zuid). It was followed in 2015 by the first collaboration between ICK and Ballet National de Marseille that saw 30 dancers on the stage. Extremalism premiered in Theater Carré in Amsterdam in the 2015 Holland Festival.